A NEW TRACTATE ABOUT NAMES
The name ( of a man, living being, natural phenomenon) in the ancient times was related to many things. The name was equalled to the individual nature of the name's owner. The name spoke about the owner-the owner shaped under the name's influence. That is why in magical pratices the knowledge of names meant power and influence. Nowing the name only it is possible to control and monitor any man, living being and thing. Magic words are nothing else but influencing an object by changing its name. The key word in the magic formulation was the genuine name to which other symbols were added to change the nature. That is why the real name was kept secret except the closest friends. To tell a stranger your real name meant to trust him completely.
In the ancient times the man was the owner of his name and consequently his own owner. The true name the man obtained in the ripe years, at this frequently he made the choice independently and rarely handed over the right of name choice to a more experienced teacher ( the last relates mainly to magicians, participated in epoch long wars of the past of the good against the evil).
The epoch was terminated by the victory of the Good making it possible for everybody to reveal their names to the others. The magicians were no more needed and stayed in the past having formed closed brotheryoods safegurding the knowledge of magocian arts just in case the evil returns. Gradually the magic art was forgotten and remained in legends of the tribes originated from the beginning of that epoch.
Due to the fact that the former civilization was not based on material goods the contemporary to a great extent restricted minded hystory and archeology,frequantly fulfilling the social order of those in power do not acknowledge its existance having no (due to well understandable reasons) material proofs. We must argue, that it can not prove the reverse also. We-realizing vividly that all the deliberations about names are not only the produce of imagination of contemporary mistic science fiction writers but have deep roots in the traditions of preindustrial nations-accept the existance of non-material civilization, as very probable.
Before emergence of the state, material civilization, and further of the religion and industrial society the personality and the name were sacred and protected practically with all the peoples of the planet. Even in the tribes of the modern times pursuing traditional way of life and not tramped by the deadly load of the technocratic system influence the name carries rather an individualistic nature. To add to this among many peoples it changes together with the changes (development) of the person. The names of the representatives of some , for example, North American indian tribes "catch" new words-symbols and by the end of life reach rather a significant length.
The ceremony of obtaining a name (at the time of puberity) remains one of the most sacred traditions of many nations. At this as before the name is not imposed upon a man but a man chooses it independently in time of individual conversing with Nature staying alone or by presenting his personal qualities for judgement before the council of the tribe.
The so called pagan gods, totems and so on are no less, than few coming to from the past names of natural phenomena, living beings and objects. Under the influence of the new civilization the majority of the names were forgotten, on the tongue remained the most vivid, the most powerful natural phenomena, the biggest animals, which are no easy to wipe out of the popular memory.
One of the first blows on the ancient tradition of names, and consequantly on the individual nature and freedom of a man was delivered by the state. Then religion (By which we understand monoteistic religions. Pagan religion in our understanding is popular religion, may have been with some transformations passed to us from the days immemorial. As to the religions, symilar to Buddism, they are some subjective retelling, modification of popular traditions). And the final blow-by the bourgois society and industialization.
Clan names appeared ( last or family names) which hevily limited the individualistic essence of a person. The things, now explained by hereditary effects mostly are the consequence of structurization of cosiety and name.
The names started to be imposed on man yet at the moment of birth without any desire on the side of the name bearer, denying the person an opportunity to manifest its genuine nature and aquire the true name corresponding to the above nature. Under the load of standard names deprived of individual nature the personality, as a rule becomes no less standard, dull- but this very outcome satisfies the existing system.
Even greater stnandardization in names was achived by the church. It substituted the endless variety of traditional names by relatively narrow choice of christian and muslim names, copied after the characters of this or that religious book, thus subbordinating the personality to those pseudoteachings. The converting of the pagans to christianity followed the major goal to deprive them of their genuine personality, independence by changing the name. As the majority of independent people the pagans fought against opression and the church reverted to merciless violence. The establishment of christianity in Russia took away more lives, than Stalinist purges, if the number of victims is to be evaluated in proportion to the population of the territories.
The slavery in Europe, Asia and America, Serfdom in Russia brought the devaluation of a personality and the name to the lowest degree. Slaves and serfs bore the names affixed to them by their masters and thus were completely owned by them. Even after having been set free many received the names of the former owners, which as the last name were relayed from generation to generation. The people even till now continue to be slaves bearing slavery time names. Based on this the vistas for the Russian nation or black minorirty in the U.S. seemed to be very gloomy.
The modern state continues destruction of the name- giving tradition. The formalization of a name lead to formalization of an individual nature. By introduction of identification papers carrying information about persons the state received a powerful means of control over the society. The personality and his name now is viewed as a burden for the passport proper. No identification card - no person.
The industrial civilization standardized the names of living beings, objects, natural phenomena having substituted denominations for themand subbordinated all the alive. The Unity with the Nature has become a history. The Nature is being utilized as a source of loot and profit.
The Evil is back on the planet, but the magic of the name has gone into the past for good.
The Personality is the basis of any being and it is no easy to destroy its aspiration for freedom. The denial the right to choose a name makes a personality significantly weaker than the personalities of the past. Few are capable to resist opression being tied up by the ropes of the formal names. And nevertheless the personality from time to time penetrates the wall of standardization.
The tradition of name-giving was not forgotten. The personalities serving the Evil had long ago armed themselves with it.
The God's name mentioning in a number of religions is considered a cardinal sin. The name of the God was concealed from enemies and profane people. In our history it is possible to come across a number of facts when the real names of the rulers were concealed and forbidden from mentioning. The rulers not rarely took themselves other names instead of those given at birth. In those new names they tried to affix new qualities to their personalities : The Heart of Lion, The Terrible, The Wise, The Great, The Conqueror and so on (as to the modern times - Turkmenbashi or the Father of All the Turkmens, as called himself the leader of the above republic Safarmurat Niyazov). All these names were not at all given to leaders by the loyal subjects as corrupt historians argue. Remember up the bolshevics' leaders. Few of them left formal names: Lenin, Trotski, Stalin - whith such names it was possible to achive the world revolution, but for the internal stuggle, they could have made it. It is not a rare happening when the dictators and monarchs having no possibility to change names added to them some big titles which also inhanced the power of a personality.
Every gifted person wants to change his formal name. Take the people of the art - writers, actors, artists ... pseudonym, the names of the stage, which they take themselves - it is quite common for this group. Exactly this very social group remains the most independent under the most totalitarian regimes. Frequently these very people challenge the modern society. Or take the marginal youth societies : anarchists, hippy, anti-cultural groupings... many members of the above groups take upon themselves the system name (" whippy ") or receive such from their system parents ( symilar to spiritual fathers ). And this social group is "antisocial". (If we take the reverse example - the nicknames forcibly imposed in official schools on classmates or in the criminal world by the other prisoners, this causes humiliation and degradation of a personality).
Freedom of a personality and the name are everybody's natural attributes by the right of birth. The unimpressive list of human rights advertized by the bourgois democracies as the great achievments of the modern society - is no more than a substitute for pseudofreedom by which the numerous victims of the social progress are justified. The human rights - the great swindle, another attempt to force the personality into the standard formalized limits set by the rulers.
Emancipatin of a personality is inseparably connected with the return to spiritual sources of the ansestors. The ghost God, promising ghost salvation in the havens , the power proposing as the human rights a part instead of the whole, industrializm giving artificial instead of natural - is nothing compared to the great, boundless Nature.
We should reject the formal names imposed upon us. We should destroy all the institutes of power, striving to standardization of names or to control over the personalities. We must return to the traditions of the ancients, return the names to all the living, thus freeing the Nature from the doom of destruction and slavery. We must blow apart the material culture of the industrial society. We must once again chase Evil from our planet.
Our social revolution is not destroyng the old and does not construct the new on the debris. Our social revolution restores the natural state of things, disfigured by the evil of the power and standardization.
Our cultural revolution does not destroy the modern culture, because devouring the matter is no culture. Our cultural revolution is called to restore the traditions of the ancient, restore the spiritual foundation of the healthy society.
Only this could save the humanity, as a part of the great Nature from the environmental catastrophy, from slavery and in the end - from annihilation.
translated by Fjodor Krylov